What are the ethical considerations related to this study?

Respond to at least two of your colleagues’ posts (Note: 2 of my colleague’s responses are copied below, I need one response for each person) in at least one of the following ways:

  • Explaining your perspective on the key information your colleague shared about a particular problem.
  • Identifying and explaining real-life examples related to one or more of the issues and the problems associated with each.
  • Suggesting ways to narrow a colleague’s topic to a researchable problem the colleague described.
  • Suggesting alternative problem statements based on the problem the colleague described.
  • Sharing links to and discussing additional resources related to the problem.

 

Pamela’s response:

The three areas of interest that I researched are:

  1. Writing Individualized Education Plans (IEP) to match student needs and/or Common Core State Standards (CCSS). Which is more important?
  2. Is education heading in the right direction with Every Student Succeeds Act?
  3. Teacher evaluations-fair and equal?

What has already been studied in the literature?

  1. How to write an IEP to what to write in an IEP have been studied about in most literature I located.  There are also studies written on how to assist special education students in taking new assessments connected to CCSS.
  2. A lot has been written about the different directions education has gone and new directions that it is going.  Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) was signed by Congress and the President in December 2015 and basically eliminated No Child Left Behind. Not much literature can be found about ESSA.
  3. Many articles have been written about teacher evaluations.  Studies looked at physical appearance, attractiveness, age, years of service, etc. I found one article that mentioned how administration should not be handling the evaluations.

How much time will it take me to complete a study related to this problem?

  1. To find out if writing an IEP to accommodate the students needs and/or CCSS would take an entire school year.  This is only true if the assessment that is given at the end of the school year actually matches the CCSS that was taught during the school year.
  2. Using a survey method, this study could probably be completed within six months.
  3. Using interview and survey methods, this study could be completed within six months to one year.

What stakeholder buy-in will I need to obtain to perform this study?

  1. To perform this study, the parents, student, teacher, and administration will need to give approval and all will need to be involved throughout the entire process.
  2. To perform this study, parents, teachers and administration at school and district levels would need to participate.
  3. To perform this study, teachers would be needed to participate.

What are the benefits of doing this study?

  1. To help special education case managers in writing accurate IEP’s for students.  This also will allow for addendums to be at a minimum.  It would also benefit the student because the IEP will not need to be re-written if they happen to move to a new school during the school year.
  2. To show stakeholders if the newly approved act will make a difference within their school district.
  3. To keep teachers in the profession.  We are already seeing shortages pop up all over the nation.

What are the ethical considerations related to this study?

  1. Ethical considerations include getting permission from all stakeholders to conduct the study, keeping my own biases and opinions out of the study, keeping the names of participants out of final reporting, and report everything accurately.
  2. Ethical considerations include getting permission from all stakeholders to conduct the study, keeping my own biases and opinions out of the study, keeping the names of participants out of final reporting, and report everything accurately.
  3. Ethical considerations include getting permission from all stakeholders to conduct the study, keeping my own biases and opinions out of the study, keeping the names of participants out of final reporting, and report everything accurately.

Will I be able to recruit participants for this study?

  1. Yes, I would be able to recruit participants for this study.  It would take a while to find all of the stakeholders at the same time, but I think I could find enough to participate.
  2. Yes, I would be able to recruit participants for this study.
  3. Yes, I would be able to recruit participants for this study.

 

Kasey’s Response:

Issue One: Implementing the Common Core Standards into IEP goals

Last week in my reading, I realized that the standards should be tied to all IEP goals for students but that may not be possible.  Some goals address social, emotional, behavioral, and life skills.

 

  • What has already been studied in the literature?
  • Research towards the standards and special education has been done but no one seems to know quite how to implement the math and language arts standards into all types of the IEP goals
  • How much time will it take me to complete a study related to this problem?
  • I believe I will need an entire academic year and a full class of students will different educational needs and IEPs.  There are so many different ways to write a goal for an IEP that I couldn’t just write a few and apply that to everyone’s IEP
  • What stakeholder buy-in will I need to obtain to perform this study?
  • I will need the help and support of general education teachers and my administration staff so we can all collaborate on what will work best
  • What are the benefits of doing this study?
  • Students on an IEP will be able to learn the same skills based on the common core standards that all children are working on
  • What are the ethical considerations related to this study?
  • We must respect each student’s privacy when working on their goals and we cannot share the information outside of the few people who are working with that student directly.
  • Will I be able to recruit participants for this study?
  • Other special education teachers would love to participate in this study and learn how to implement the standards in all types of IEP goals.

 

Issue Two: High-Stakes Testing

Students are required to take high-stakes assessments at the end of every year in school.  Often times the results of these tests determine the quality of education the child received and how to evaluate the teacher’s skills for that subject.

 

  • What has already been studied in the literature?
  • Research is constant in this topic.  Many argue whether to tie teacher evaluations to the results of student testing.  It tends to put more pressure on the teachers while the students don’t take it seriously.  Research on this topic shouldn’t ever stop.
  • How much time will it take me to complete a study related to this problem?
  • I believe I will need a few years to really determine if test results relate to teacher performance.  One cannot base this information on just one year of testing and teaching.  Many other aspects need to be considered in this study.
  • What stakeholder buy-in will I need to obtain to perform this study?
  • The number one stakeholder in this debate is the classroom teacher themselves.  They are working their best to get students ready for the assessments
  • What are the benefits of doing this study?
  • One benefit will be to determine if teachers have to teach to the test or if they can take time to really teach life skills on top of the core subject areas.  Education has become so difficult trying to determine what lessons to take out in order to fit more time in preparing for the tests
  • What are the ethical considerations related to this study?
  • It would be ethical to keep test scores to oneself and not share those scores with anyone other than the student, parent, and teacher to make further determinations on how to proceed with the information
  • Will I be able to recruit participants for this study?
  • All teachers would help in determining how much of their lessons influence test scores.  There are times were we want to teach what we feel the kids need even though it might not ever be on the test.

Issue Three: Does technology in the classroom actually help?

I can argue both the pros and cons of this issue.  It’s hard to pick a side on this.

 

  • What has already been studied in the literature?
  • Research shows pros and cons to both sides.  I don’t believe anyone can truly make up their mind on this issue.
  • How much time will it take me to complete a study related to this problem?
  • I believe I will need a couple of years in school to find what works and what doesn’t.  I don’t know what technology will really help learning and what will just cause distractions.  Right now, in my directed studies class, students love using the computers and iPads to play more than to work.
  • What stakeholder buy-in will I need to obtain to perform this study?
  • Teachers, administration and even policy makers would like to know more about this study because it determines how much money will go into the school and into different types of technology.
  • What are the benefits of doing this study?
  • Students need to know all the can about how to use technology.  We live in a world full of technology.  It needs to be taught in the classroom.  The question is: how?
  • What are the ethical considerations related to this study?
  • Finding the right technology for each student can be difficult.  We want to be careful as to what we do on the internet and what we ask students to post online.
  • Will I be able to recruit participants for this study?

 

  • All teachers, administration staff and policy makers could participate to determine how well students do with technology and determine if more or less money will be needed.

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