trayer bus309 week 3 quiz
Which of the following statements is NOT a criticism of libertarianism?
- a) Property rights can be artificial and inconsistent across different societies.
- b) Free exchange is not always guaranteed if it occurs between individuals who are in positions of unequal power.
- c) Taxation is part of the social contract we make with each other in a society.
- d) Autonomy and self-ownership can be considered moral rights.
John Rawls believed all of the following EXCEPT:
- a) Justice is the first virtue of social institutions.
- b) Inequalities are justified only if they work to the benefit of the least-advantaged group in society.
- c) Taxation is unjust and should be eliminated.
- d) When there is a disparity of wealth, society must protect the poor.
Which of the following theories would best describe a person who believes that happiness is the only good in and of itself?
- a) Utilitarianism
- b) Libertarianism
- c) Rawlsian egalitarianism
- d) None of the above
The difference principle of Rawls’s theory states:
- a) We are all created equal.
- b) Inequalities are only justified if they benefit the least advantaged.
- c) We all deserve the same.
- d) Some do deserve more than others.
The veil of ignorance assures us that people in the “original position” will be:
- a) Difficult to come to agreement
- b) Impartial
- c) Biased
- d) Forgiving
A famous movie star makes a one million dollar donation to a charity aimed at helping victims of domestic violence. In return, he gets a lot of positive publicity as well as the ability to write that donation off on his taxes. This illustrates the principle of:
- a) Social contribution
- b) Merit
- c) Individual need
- d) Personal effort
According to Locke:
- a) Individuals are morally entitled to take other people’s property.
- b) Property is a moral right.
- c) Individuals are not morally entitled to the products of their labor.
- d) Property acquisition is a duty.
Which of the following would support the uneven distribution of wealth for the benefit of the poorest members of society?
- a) A utilitarian
- b) A Rawlsian egalitarian
- c) A libertarian
- d) A capitalist
Which of the following terms relates to the concept that what people have legitimately acquired is theirs to do with as they will?
- a) Property rights
- b) Free market
- c) Equal share
- d) The difference principle
The first principle of Nozick’s entitlement theory concerns the original acquisition of:
- a) Morals
- b) Goods, money, and property
- c) Case law
- d) The crown
The principle of distributive justice that dictates that social benefits and burdens should be distributed equally among all members of a society is known as:
- a) Equal share
- b) Individual need
- c) Social contribution
- d) Personal effort
According to Rawls, no person can be said to deserve his or her natural characteristics, and therefore:
- a) A just society should seek to minimize the benefits and burdens that are associated with these arbitrary differences.
- b) The government should support the idea of a free market.
- c) A just society should place individual liberty as the highest priority.
- d) All of the above
Which of the following philosophers argued that a just society grants rights to all people, including the right to liberty and equal opportunities?
- a) Aristotle
- b) John Locke
- c) John Rawls
- d) John Stuart Mill
An economic market that is without government intervention and regulation is known as a(n):
- a) Open market
- b) Liberty market
- c) Free market
- d) Flexible market
Which of the following statements about Aristotle’s view of justice is true?
- a) Aristotle argued that justice required treating different cases alike.
- b) Aristotle distinguished between justice in the distribution of wealth and justice for wrongdoers.
- c) Aristotle believed only in distributive justice and dismissed the notion of retributive justice.
- d) All of the above
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