Humanities GED 120
- The terms capella and imitation would most likely be used in a discussion of
- Josquin des Préz
- Raphael Sanzio
- Marsilio Ficino
61) Machiavelli wrote in The Prince that a “prince must not keep faith when by
doing so it would be against his self-interest.” What would a ruler following
this precept most likely do?
- ruthlessly betray his friends to remain in power
- carefully weigh the common good against his personal ambitions
- consult his priest before making important decisions
- recognize the inherent rights of citizens to life and liberty15 Final Examination
64) Which of these was an important factor in the Low Countries’ “commercial
- King Henry VIII’s split with the Catholic church
- the invention of linear and atmospheric perspective
- destruction of churches and religious art during peasant revolts
- accumulation of wealth in the hands of a merchant class
65) One would likely hear the term madrigal in a discussion of what topic?
- music in Renaissance England
- the Lutheran Bible
- Palestrina’s harmonies
- Palladio’s classical designs
66) What northern Renaissance writer’s greatest work is devoted to a satirical exposure of religious corruption and prejudice?
- Pico della Mirandola
- Thomas More
- Desiderius Erasmus
67) What northern Renaissance humanist writer expressed his philosophical skepticism in the form of personal essays?
- Michel de Montaigne
- William Shakespeare
- Thomas More
- Desiderius Erasmus
68) Which is the best example of the vivid and precise realism of Northern Renaissance painting?
- Van Eyck’s Marriage of Arnolfini
- Tintoretto’s Last Supper
- Parmigianino’s Madonna of the Long Neck
- Bruegel’s The Hunters’ Return
69) The Teatro Olimpico illustrates the influence of what Renaissance technique, borrowed from painting?
- blank verse
- linear perspective
- commedia dell’arte
70) In carrying the technique of chiaroscuro (dramatic light and shadow) to the cities of Florence and Naples, Artemisia Gentileschi spread the influence of what artist?
- Nicolas Poussin
- Gianlorenzo Bernini
- Johannes Vermeer
71) In what regard is Velazquez’s masterpiece The Maids of Honor (Las Meni- ñas), a scene in the artist’s royal studio, most remarkable?
- its complex arrangement of space
- a brilliant use of red, blue, and gold
- its mood of gaiety and self-indulgence
- the novel treatment of a religious theme
72) What would the Academy, as established under the rule of Louis XIV, most likely do?
- ensure a religious content in pictures
- oversee the Dutch market in paintings
- encourage innovative styles of painting
- impose absolutist neoclassical rules on artists
73) Which statement best describes the works of Molière?
- attracted a diverse audience to public theaters
- essential in the popularization of modern science
- showed the clear influence of Shakespeare
- developed under the patronage of Louis XIV
74) What best describes the cantatas of J. S. Bach?
- marked the origin of baroque opera in Germany
- adopted the musical form of concerto grosso
- served as an important part of Lutheran church worship
- were usually performed in the courts of German nobles
75) Which of these figures is associated with the heliocentric theory of the universe, an important advance in the Scientific Revolution?
- René Descartes
- John Locke
- Nicolaus Copernicus
- Antonio Vivaldi
76) Who created romanticized portraits that he called “fancy pictures” that appealed to the wealthy classes of eighteenth-century Britain?
- William Hogarth
- Thomas Gainsborough
- Balthasar Neumann
- Antoine Watteau
77) Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s novel titled Émile would today be most influential
in what field of study?
- the nature of religious experience
- the philosophy of education
- the philosophical basis of modern science
- the economic study of free markets
78) Which of these works might have been most influenced by Palladio’s book of classical designs, an important document in eighteenth-century neoclassicism?
- Boffrand’s Hôtel de Soubise
- Haydn’s London symphonies
- Noverre’s ballet d’action
- Jefferson’s Monticello
79) Which of these would one expect to hear in the sonata allegro movement of a Classical symphony?
- the development
- Storm and Stress
- a recitative
- the libretto
80) Which movement or style aimed to free Germany from artificial imitations of French culture?
- the sentimental drama
- the Encyclopedists
- cult of sensibilité
81) How did Ludwig van Beethoven substantially alter the Classical symphony form of Haydn and Mozart?
- used the motif to expand and unify the symphony structure
- emphasized the classical simplicity of his mentors’ style
- eliminated the symphony’s fourth movement
- selectively reduced the number of instruments in the orchestra
82) Which of these works celebrated the romantic belief in political freedom and
- J. M. W. Turner’s Slave Ship
- Delacroix’s Liberty Leading the People
- Bierstadt’s Among the Sierra Nevada
- Friedrich’s Wanderer Above the Mists
83) For what reason would Turner’s The Slave Ship have been criticized by tradi-
tional art critics?
- depicted mythological creatures and fantastic scenes
- depicted a commonplace scene from ordinary life
- disregarded precise detail in favor of atmospheric color and light
- incorporated classical sculpture and architecture
84) In what kind of work would one most likely expect to encounter the tech-
nique of the idée fixe?
- a building by A. N. Pugin
- a drama by Goethe
- a symphony by Hector Berlioz
- a painting by Francisco Goya
85) Which of these was famed as a virtuoso pianist and composer of romantic
nocturnes and preludes?
- Frédéric Chopin
- William Blake
- Robert Schumann
- Hector Berlioz
86) What statement best expresses the utilitarian philosophy of J. S. Mill?
- the strong must be free to create their own value system
- all ideas come from God and deserve to be heard
- actions are right insofar as they promote happiness
- all species, including humans, are engaged in the struggle to survive
87) What made Joseph Paxton’s Crystal Palace notable?
- Art Nouveau-style decoration
- Gothic gloominess and mystery
- iron-and-glass construction
- use of neoclassical motifs
88) The literary names of Gustave Flaubert and Henrik Ibsen are closely associated with what “-ism”?
89) Why would the artistic public of the 1860s most likely have rejected Edouard Manet’s Luncheon on the Grass?
- the work seemed to call for violent uprisings of urban workers
- the work’s sketchy brush strokes seemed amateurish
- the work depicted exotic tropical scenes in garish colors
- the picture placed a bold nude woman in a contemporary setting
90) What pair of painters best defines the pure impressionist style of brilliant color and vibrant brushwork?
- Paul Cézanne and Georges Seurat
- Gustave Courbet and Honoré Daumier
- Claude Monet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir
- Edouard Manet and Edgar Degas
91) What work is associated with Die Brücke, a movement of German expressionist artists of the 1920s?
- Kafka’s The Metamorphosis
- Nolde’s Dance Around the Golden Calf
- Picasso’s Three Musicians
- Copland’s Appalachian Spring
92) ”Roped together like two mountain-climbers,” as one said, what two artists invented the analytic and synthetic methods of cubist painting?
- Marcel Duchamp and Henri Matisse
- Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso
- Salvador Dali and Joan Miró
- Paul Klee and Walter Gropius
93) Which statement best describes Duke Ellington?
- author of the jazz-influenced work Threepenny Opera
- strongly influenced by the atonal methods of Schoenberg
- successfully collaborated with Sergei Diaghilev
- composed his works principally for jazz ensembles
94) Who fashioned a system of teaching modern dance that made it as rigorous
as classical ballet?
- Martha Graham
- Willa Cather
- Georgia O’Keeffe
- Isadora Duncan
95) Which statement best describes the architect Frank Lloyd Wright?
- believed a building should connect its occupants and surroundings
- was a central figure of the Bauhaus movement in Germany
- was the inventor of architectural modernism in the U.S.
- envisioned “radiant cities” of skyscrapers and super-highways
96) Which term is best associated with the international political situation of the 1950s, in the aftermath of World War II and the defeat of fascism?
- Cold War
- global terror
- the Great Depression
97) Which statement best describes the work of Anne Sexton and Sylvia Plath?
- was strongly influenced by the Beatles and other groups of 1960s rock- and-roll
- composed poetry in a “confessional” vein, with graphic images of female
- wrote self-consciously metaphysical stories about labyrinthine fictional
- dealt principally with African-American characters and social life
98) Which structure best illustrates the architectural principles of the International Style–glass-and-steel towers of unadorned purity?
- Michael Graves’ Portland Public Services Building
- Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson’s Seagram Building
- Frank Gehry’s Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
- Charles Moore’s Piazza d’Italia
99) The fiction of Gabriel García Márquez, notably his novel One Hundred Years
of Solitude, is best described by which term?
- magic realism
100) What best describes Judy Chicago’s most famous work, the Dinner Party?
- a cycle of dramas depicting African-American characters and social life
- a set of intensely personal poems about her experience as mother and housewife
- a controversial art installation commemorating women heroes
- an acclaimed dance performance with the American Dance Theater
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